[17], London suffered severely from Viking attacks and was several times occupied by Viking armies. Charles-Edwards suggests that in 881–882 he tried to maintain his dominance in south-east Wales, but Alfred offered his protection to Glywysing and Gwent, and in 882–883 Æthelred accepted that West Saxon power made continued independence impossible. Æthelred's ancestry is unknown. The Last Kingdom: Meet the New Season 4 Characters. His son, Edward, and his ealdormen, in particular his son-in-law, Æthelred, had won the glory. Edward's charters show Æthelred and Æthelflæd as accepting his royal authority, but their own charters make no reference to an overlord, and some use expressions such as "holding, governing and defending the sole rule of the Mercians", which come close to describing them as king and queen. Mercia was the dominant kingdom in southern England in the eighth century, and maintained its position until it suffered a decisive defeat by King Egbert of Wessex at the Battle of Ellendun in 825. In 909 a West Saxon and Mercian army raided Viking territory and seized the bones of the Northumbrian king and martyr, St Oswald, from Bardney in Lincolnshire. Æthelred of Mercia was a main character in both The Saxon Stories novel series, and The Last Kingdom television series. Æthelred and Æthelflæd were a great husband wife team in real life, ruling Mercia together and keeping the Vikings at bay. Download and listen to this talk on any podcast host or go to our page at: https://www.podbean.com/media/share/pb-hfs4t-ea2cc4TSC instagram: @thescreenchronicles_ TSC twitter: @ColbyandSteve Toby Regbo links and social media: https://www.imdb.com/name/nm2269396/Instagram: @tobyregboTwitter: @toby_regbo #thelastkingdom #castinterview ...Images copyright to The Last Kingdom/Carnival Films. Music by Dan Bonnett (C) 2019. Æthelred moved quickly to restore the area; in 889 he and Alfred granted property there to the Bishop of Worcester, and in 899 they made another grant to the Archbishop of Canterbury. In 886 Alfred took possession of London, and according to Asser he "restored" the city and "made it habitable again". Keynes takes the West Saxon view, arguing that Alfred created the "kingdom of the Anglo-Saxons", inherited by his son Edward the Elder in 899, and Æthelred ruled Mercia under the king. On the show, King Alfred is, of course, based on Alfred the great, therefore the show's era is accurate to his character. [55], Pauline Stafford comments that "Alfred's dominance in the 890s over Æthelred, Lord of the Mercians, was as debatable at the time as it still is. The Last Kingdom's long haired, sword-wielding warrior has allegiances on both sides, fighting in King Alfred’s Saxon army despite having an adopted Danish brother. Neither Edgar (959-975) nor his son Æ thelred (978-1016) came to the throne free from controversy. When Æthelred attained the throne, England had been a united kingdom for a mere forty years, and allegiances to kin were still far stronger than any oaths made to a distant king. [27][32] Irish annals called the Three Fragments also suggest that Æthelred was unable to take an active part in government from about 902,[38] although he did attend a meeting in 903 with King Edward, Æthelflæd and Ælfwynn. King Eadwig succeeded his uncle in 955, while his brother Edgar was declared king in Mercia and the … Æthelred I, sometimes rendered as Ethelred, was born in Circa 847 in Wessex, an Anglo-Saxon kingdom located in the south of Great Britain. Æthelwold was a son of Æthelred I, king of Wessex from 865–71, and nephew of Alfred the Great. 1. [39] In 1998 Keynes suggested that Æthelred may have been incapacitated by illness at the end of his life,[40] but in a summary of his career in 2014 Keynes does not mention this, stating that Æthelred and Æthelflæd cooperated with King Edward in campaigns against the Vikings. Toby Regbo | Portraying Æthelred on The Last Kingdom - YouTube [36], Some historians believe that at an unknown time in the decade 899 to 909, Æthelred's health collapsed and Æthelflæd became the effective ruler of Mercia. After Æthelred's death, Æthelflæd ruled as Lady of the Mercians until her own death in 918. At some time in the decade 899 to 909, Æthelred's health may have declined, and Æthelflæd may have become the effective ruler of Mercia. West Saxon kings' wives had a low status in the ninth century and very little is known about them. Saxon 1 - The Last Kingdom by Bernard Cornwell Author:Bernard Cornwell , Date: April 11, 2014 ,Views: 106 ... Englishmen talk of the battle of Æsc’s Hill, they speak of God giving the West Saxons the victory because King Æthelred and his brother Alfred were praying when the Danes appeared. [6] After Ceolwulf's disappearance in 879, Mercia began to fall under the hegemony of Wessex. Last time I gave a brief overview of the events leading up to the reign of Æthelred the 'Unready', son of King Edgar. [48], Æthelred's status is unclear, and this is reflected in the varying titles given to him by different historians. The Last Kingdom airs on Netflix and the popular historical drama has been renewed for a fifth season. 42–43, Keynes, "Edward, King of the Anglo-Saxons", pp. Perhaps born in the 860s, he was too young to succeed his father in 871. In the view of Ann Williams, "though he accepted West Saxon overlordship, Æthelred behaved rather as a king of Mercia than an ealdorman",[50] and Charles Insley states that Mercia remained an independent kingdom until 920. Also, he doesn’t understand women and the fact that they can be powerful. His rule was confined to the western half, as eastern Mercia was then part of the Viking-ruled Danelaw. Q: Talk us through the character of Aethelred? When Æthelred died in London on 23 April 1016 [see below], he held little more than London and the surrounding area. Don't forget to check out our other cast chats with members from The Last Kingdom and our Season 4 recaps and please like and subscribe! In 886, Alfred took possession of London, which had suffered greatly from several Viking occupations; as it had traditionally been a Mercian town, he handed control to Æthelred. [32] Keynes sees Æthelfrith as an ealdorman of West Saxon origin, probably appointed by Alfred to look after his interests in south-east Mercia. During the first episode, Uhtred's father and his army are slaughtered by the Danes soon after they arrive by sea. By 883, he had been replaced by Æthelred, Lord of the Mercians, who became ruler of Mercia with … No original charter of Edward survives, and S 221, The "Mercian Register" (also known as the "Annals of Æthelflæd") is the name given by historians to entries from 902 to 924 in several versions of the, Keynes, "King Alfred and the Mercians", p. 19, Keynes, "King Alfred and the Mercians", pp. [27][53] The late tenth-century chronicler Æthelweard, in his annal for 893, called Æthelred "King of the Mercians", but recorded his death in 911 as that of the "Lord of the Mercians". This was described by Welsh annals as "revenge by God for Rhodri". She is first recorded as Æthelred's wife in a charter of 887, but Keynes thinks that the marriage may have taken place two or three years earlier,[26] and the historian Maggie Bailey dates it to between 882 and 887, with the most likely political context being the occupation of London in 886. [22], Anglo-Saxon London, called Lundenwic, was located a mile west of Roman Londinium, but Lundenwic was undefended, and the restoration was carried out inside the walls of the old Roman city, especially an area close to the River Thames now called Queenhithe, but which was then known as Æthelred's Hythe after its Mercian ruler. However, it's not accurate to Uhtred's. When King Edward died in 924, Æthelstan initially faced opposition at the West Saxon court, but was accepted as king in Mercia. The bones were translated to the new Gloucester minster, which was renamed St Oswald's Priory in his honour. In t s s the Vikings partitioned Mercia, taking [14] By 883, Æthelred had accepted Alfred's lordship. He himself then sent my mother and myself away under the care of a bishop of Wessex, the kingdom of King Æthelred, the last of two sons of Æthelwulf and grandson of the mighty Egbert, who once held a great deal of respect from those in Northumbria as well. [13] According to Alfred's Welsh biographer Asser, Æthelred's "might and tyrannical behaviour" forced these kingdoms to submit to the protection of King Alfred's lordship. His rule was confined to the western half, as eastern Mercia was then part of the Viking-ruled Danelaw. [5][29] In 893, Æthelred brought troops from London to join Alfred's son Edward against a Viking army at Thorney in Buckinghamshire, but the Vikings were too strong for a direct attack so they were allowed to leave English territory. All music rights reserved to Colby Griffin and Ethan Pawlak and partnership with DP Studios. Æthelred, Lord of the Mercians (or Ealdorman Æthelred of Mercia; died 911) became ruler of English Mercia shortly after the death of its last king, Ceolwulf II in 879. Æthelred, Lord of the Mercians (or Ealdorman Æthelred of Mercia; died 911) became ruler of English Mercia shortly after the death of its last king, Ceolwulf II in 879. Maybe they are right. 968. [42] In Michael Livingston's view, he campaigned with Edward in Northumbria in 909, and may have died as a result of wounds sustained at the Battle of Tettenhall in 910. In 892 the Vikings renewed their attacks, and the following year Æthelred led an army of Mercians, West Saxons and Welsh to victory over a Viking army at the Battle of Buttington. He may have been related to King Alfred's Mercian father-in-law, Æthelred Mucel, and brother-in-law, Æthelwulf, who appears to have been a member of Æthelred's court from the mid 880s. [27] In King Alfred's will, drawn up in the 880s, Æthelred was left a sword worth 100 mancuses. Over the next two generations Worcester was transformed from an ecclesiastical settlement to a town with a diverse population of craftsmen. [5][30] The Viking army finally dispersed in 896. He’s quite scared of the idea of not being able to control his marriage because if he can’t con Toby Regbo portrays lord of Mercia, Æthelred on The Last Kingdom, as well as young Dumbledore in Harry Potter and The Deathly Hallows: Part 1 and Fantastic Beasts: The Crimes of Grindelwald. Æthelred's wife, Osthryth, was a daughter of King Oswiu, one of the dominant 7th-century Northumbrian kings. His father, King Aethelwulf of Wessex, reigned over the kingdom from 839 to 856. Date of birth: ca. Æthelred II, also known as Ethelred II, or Æthelred ‘the Unready’, is a teenager when he succeeds his brother as King of England in 978. Make sure to watch Toby Regbo on The Last Kingdom streaming on Netflix now! [4][5] The Vikings went on to attack Wessex, leaving Ceolwulf free to renew Mercian claims of hegemony in Wales. Æthelflæd's uncle, Æthelwulf, controlled western and possibly central Mercia, while the south and east were ruled by Æthelfrith, the father of Æthelstan Half-King. According to a transcript dating from 1304 in York's archives, in 925 Æthelstan gave a grant of privileges to St Oswald's Priory in Gloucester "according to a pact of paternal piety which formerly he pledged with Æthelred, ealdorman of the people of the Mercians". Ethelred the Unready, also spelled Aethelred, also called Ethelred II, or Aethelred Unraed, (born 968?—died April 23, 1016, London, England), king of the English from 978 to 1013 and from 1014 to 1016. After King Æthelred was mortally wounded in battle, the Witan chooses Alfred … Æthelred is born in the 960s to formidable parents. Æthelred's last two years as king were spent in a struggle with Sweyn's son Cnut. Forced to flee. 21–24, Keynes, "King Alfred and the Mercians", pp. Osthryth was murdered in unknown circumstances in 697, and in 704 Æthelred abdicated, leaving the throne to Wulfhere's son Coenred. See more ideas about the last kingdom, kingdom, uhtred of bebbanburg. Our first look at Uhtred’s new rival, grown-up daughter, her love interest, and Aethelred’s new mistress in The Last Kingdom … Charles-Edwards comments: When Æthelred made a grant to Berkeley Abbey in 883, he did it with the approval of King Alfred, thus acknowledging Alfred's lordship. 103, 108, Ryan, "Conquest, Reform and the Making of England", p. 298, Lyon, "The Coinage of Edward the Elder", p. 67, Keynes, "Edward, King of the Anglo-Saxons", p. 43, Keynes, "Edward, King of the Anglo-Saxons", pp. Alhhelm was responsible for the lands bordering the northern Danelaw. It is not known when Æthelred took over following Ceolwulf's death or disappearance, but in the view of Thomas Charles-Edwards, a historian of medieval Wales, Æthelred was almost certainly "Edryd Long-Hair", the leader of a Mercian army which invaded Gwynedd in 881, and was defeated by Rhodri Mawr's sons at the Battle of the Conwy. [50] West Saxon sources refer to him as an ealdorman, emphasising Mercian subordination to the West Saxon monarchy, whereas Mercian ones describe him as Lord of the Mercians, and Celtic ones sometimes as King of Mercia. This is supported by one independent piece of evidence. The area had been under the rule of that dynasty since 519 AD. ent kingdom under Æthelred and Æthelflæd but they agree that Æthelflæd was a great ruler who played an important part in the conquest of the Danelaw. Æthelred became a monk at Bardney, a monastery which he had founded with his wife, and was buried there. "[11] However, Alex Woolf suggests that he was probably the son of King Burgred of Mercia and Æthelswith, sister of Alfred the Great, although that would mean that Æthelred's marriage was uncanonical, as Rome then forbade marriage between first cousins.[12]. Keynes regards the designation "K. [King] Æthelred II" in the Handbook of British Chronology as a "delightfully provocative" extension of the "received wisdom" that Mercia retained a real measure of independence in Æthelred's time. In 883 they freed Berkeley Abbey from obligations to the king's feorm (payments in kind), and in 887 they confirmed the possession of land and transferred manpower to Pyrton Minster in Oxfordshire. [7] Æthelred was probably much older than his wife. [51] Coinage issued in English Mercia in Ceolred's time named him as king, but in Æthelred's time it named the West Saxon king,[52] yet Æthelred issued some charters in his own name, implying royal authority. 52–54, Keynes, "King Alfred and the Mercians", p. 37, n. 159, Ryan, "Conquest, Reform and the Making of England", pp. Nov 15, 2020 - Explore Marsha Carew's board "The Last Kingdom" on Pinterest. 43–44, Ryan, "Conquest, Reform and the Making of England", pp. Æthelflæd was born into this world of war and looming invasion probably a year before Alfred came to the throne of Wessex in AD 871. [4], In 877 the Vikings divided Mercia, taking the eastern part for themselves and leaving Ceolwulf with the west. Æthelred, Lord of the Mercians became ruler of English Mercia shortly after the death of its last king, Ceolwulf II in 879. [23], After the restoration of London, Alfred received the submission of "all the English people who were not under subjection to the Danes",[25] and the alliance between Wessex and Mercia was cemented by the marriage of Æthelred to Alfred's oldest daughter, Æthelflæd. Æthelred, Lord of the Mercians (or Ealdorman Æthelred of Mercia; died 911) became ruler of English Mercia shortly after the death of its last king, Ceolwulf II in 879. He then handed control to Æthelred. [1] The Mercians traditionally held overlordship over Wales, and in 853 King Burgred of Mercia obtained the assistance of King Æthelwulf of Wessex in an invasion of Wales in order to reassert their hegemony. Æthelred, Lord of the Mercians (or Ealdorman Æthelred of Mercia; died 911) became ruler of English Mercia shortly after the death of its last king, Ceolwulf II in 879. Keynes points out that according to Asser, the Welsh king Anarawd submitted to Alfred on the same terms as Æthelred—"Namely that in every respect he would be obedient to the royal will". [5] Thereafter he usually acted with Alfred's permission, but issued some charters in his own name without reference to Alfred, such as at a meeting in Risborough in Buckinghamshire in 884, showing that English Mercia extended quite far south-east towards London. They then moved on to Nottingham in Mercia, where they spent the winter of 867–868. Let us know your favorite works and/or moments from Toby Regbo in the comments below! Both bishops were, like Æthelred, Mercians and strong allies of King Alfred, who had the right to all tolls from markets along the river bank. In 1006 King Æthelred … Bailey cites "Mercian Register"[b] entries from 902 showing Æthelflæd acting alone or in conjunction with Edward in military operations. "[31], In the last years of the ninth century, three sub-ealdormen ruled Mercia under Æthelred. The murder of Æthelred’s half-brother King Edward by men who had sworn loyalty to him is a sign of unrest that didn’t end with the new king’s coronation. His passing was noted in The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, in an entry that was probably written within a decade of his death:. His rule was confined to the western half, as eastern Mercia was then part of the Viking-ruled Danelaw. [8] In the view of Ian Walker: "He was a royal ealdorman whose power base lay in the south-west of Mercia in the former kingdom of the Hwicce around Gloucester. 40–62, Keynes, "King Alfred and the Mercians", p. 29, "Æthelflæd (Ethelfleda) (d. 918), ruler of the Mercians", "Æthelred (d. 911), ruler of the Mercians", "The translation of St Oswald's relics to New Minster, Gloucester: royal and imperial resonances", List of English words of Old Norse origin, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Æthelred,_Lord_of_the_Mercians&oldid=988212328, Burials at St Oswald's Priory, Gloucester, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 November 2020, at 19:59. His rule was confined to the western half, as eastern Mercia was then part of the Viking-ruled Danelaw.Æthelred's ancestry is unknown. The same year, Burgred married Æthelwulf's daughter. [5] They had a daughter, Ælfwynn, and according to the twelfth century chronicler, William of Malmesbury, she was their only child. Both Æthelred and Æthelflæd were buried there. [20] Marios Costambeys takes a similar view, arguing that Alfred's decision was probably due to the need to maintain unity among the English who were outside Viking territory. Æthelred, Lord of the Mercians (or Ealdorman Æthelred of Mercia; died 911) became ruler of English Mercia shortly after the death of its last king, Ceolwulf II in 879. The couple's only child, a daughter called Ælfwynn, then ruled briefly until deposed by her uncle, King Edward. Æthelred, Lord of the Mercians. [4], Æthelred's descent is unknown, and he does not appear to have been closely related to his immediate predecessors, although his name suggests possible descent from earlier Mercian kings. [18] Historians, however, disagree about the circumstances. The alliance was cemented by the marriage of Æthelred to Alfred's daughter Æthelflæd. [5] Cyril Hart and Maggie Bailey believe that it occurred by 902. 24–25, Keynes, "King Alfred and the Mercians", p. 27, Charles-Edwards, "Alliances, Godfathers", p. 57, Keynes, "King Alfred and the Mercians", p. 21, n. 90, Keynes, "Edward, King of the Anglo-Saxons", pp. One of the burhs was Worcester, where Æthelred worked with its bishop and used the standing Roman walls in the town's defences. [45], Gloucester seems to have been the main seat of Æthelred's and Æthelflæd's power,[46] and before 900 they founded a new minster there, dedicated to St Peter. He was probably the leader of an unsuccessful Mercian invasion of Wales in 881, and soon afterwards he acknowledged the lordship of King Alfred the Great of Wessex. [59][60][c] However, Keynes also says: This article is about the Lord of the Mercians. The defeat forced Æthelred to abandon his ambitions in north Wales, but he continued to exercise overlordship over the south-eastern Welsh kingdoms of Glywysing and Gwent. [8][9] Æthelred may have been the man of the same name who attested two Mercian charters in the late 860s,[10] but he is not listed in the two surviving charters of Ceolwulf. Later in the year, a larger Viking force marched from Essex through Mercia to the Welsh border, followed by Æthelred with a joint force of Mercians and West Saxons. Æthelred then launched an expedition against Cnut and his allies, the men of the Kingdom of Lindsey. Æthelwold was King Æthelred's son and Alfred's nephew. He ended his days on St. George’s day; having held his kingdom … They were not usually given the title of regina (queen), an omission which Alfred the Great justified on the ground of the misconduct of a queen at the beginning of the ninth century. [57] To the Welsh and Irish looking east, Mercian rulers still kept all their old regality until Æthelflæd's death in 918, and Nick Higham argues that: "Celtic visions of Æthelred and Æthelflæd as king and queen certainly offer a different, and equally valid, contemporary take on the complex politics of this transition to a new English state."[58]. Aethelred appears to be both the perfect match for Aethelflaed and a good ally for Alfred as he strives to extend his influence outside Wessex. Æthelred II, Anglo-Saxon king of England, died on 23 April, 1016. Soon afterwards, the English captured Hastein's wife and children, but they were returned to him because the sons were godsons of the English leaders. Æthelwold of Wessex was a main character in both The Saxon Stories novel series and The Last Kingdom television series. At almost the same time as Alfred's victory over the Vikings in 878 at the Battle of Edington, Ceolwulf defeated and killed Rhodri Mawr, king of the north Welsh territory of Gwynedd. Æthelwulf and Alhhelm are not recorded after the turn of the century, and Æthelfrith may have been Æthelflæd's chief lieutenant when Æthelred's health collapsed soon afterwards. The Last Kingdom is set in ninth-century England when Alfred the Great ruled Wessex and eventually became King of the Anglo-Saxons. His own father considered him an unsuitable heir because of his debauchery and youthful lack of concern for the kingdom's business. [54], King Edward's influence over Mercia is unclear, and he may have had less power than his father. Even Cornwell admits in his historical notes the real Æthelred was a great hero and he has done him a great disservice for the drama of his story to create a rivalry between him and Uhtred. Lists of witnesses to charters show that Æthelred's witan (council) shared bishops and at least two ealdormen with Ceolwulf, but Ceolwulf's thegns all disappeared. [7] He may have been related to King Alfred's Mercian father-in-law, Æthelred Mucel, and brother-in-law, Æthelwulf, who appears to have been a member of Æthelred's court from the mid 880s. He is sometimes called "ealdorman",[49] but also "Lord of the Mercians"[41][50] and "subking". [33], Evidence from charters show that Æthelred and Æthelflæd supported religious communities. [5] Alfred P. Smyth suggests that the Chronicle's account reflects bias in Alfred's favour, and that Æthelred took charge because he had a greater role in London's recovery than the West Saxon chronicler was willing to admit.

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